90th Anniversary of
Montgomery Clift's birth


90º Aniversario del nacimiento de Montgomery Clift (1920-2010)

aaaaa TODA LA INFORMACIÓN SOBRE EL ACTOR MONTGOMERY CLIFT EN ESPAÑOL aaaaa
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montgomery clift
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7.9.10

Admiradora secreta


Anoche vi una película de Montgomery Clift. No tiene nada de extraño, lo sé, pero sí la particularidad de que no vi The Misfits en mi casa, sino en el cine. En el cine de verano de la Diputación, donde tuvieron el buen gusto de incluirla en su programación veraniega. Fue fantástico verla en pantalla grande, aunque no fuera en VO.

Lo curioso de la noche es que no fui la única que aplaudió flojito cuando salió el nombre de Montgomery Clift en los créditos. Justo delante de mí había una chica que lo hizo e incluso se me adelantó en su primera escena. Ya se sabe cuando el personaje de Eli Wallace lo nombra y enseguida se ve una figura que se yergue del suelo.

Aunque en esta película el rostro de Monty es cuanto menos, peculiar, recibe unos cuantos primeros planos. Y su interpretación es de las más histriónicas, encaja perfectamente con el papel de Perce Howland (habría que tener en cuenta, que por mucho que lo negara, Arthur Miller se inspiró en el propio Monty para el personaje).

Pues bien, en cuanto terminó la película, me acerqué a la chica para comentarle que había visto cómo aplaudía a Monty. Sí, ya sé que no es normal hacer esas cosas, pero aparte de que yo pueda ser así de extrovertida, no se encuentra todos los días una fan de Monty, ¡en tu ciudad!. Además quería hacerle llegar que tenía un blog dedicado al actor y toda la recopilación de información que tengo. Los que me conocen saben que son más mis ganas de compartir que, digamos, de presumir de ello.

Así que espero que esa chica entre por aquí y sobre todo disfrute con las fotos y la información que hay sobre el bueno de Monty. Una acalaración, le dije que tengo más de 8.000 fotografías. pero en el blog sólo aparecen la mitad. El tiempo siempre anda jugando a mi contra.

Un saludo a esa admiradora de Monty y ojalá él sea cada vez más conocido por sus magníficas interpretaciones.

23.8.10

Firma

Venden en Internet este trozo de papel donde han puesto a lápiz "My best" y la firma de Montgomery Clift. Yo misma sé imitarla mejor. Aquí las -t- están bien hechas pero las firmas auténticas que he visto muestran que Monty no enlazaba los trazos como esa -n -tan redonda o esa -cl-

21.8.10

Biography of Robert La Guardia.- Chapter one / Biografía de Robert LaGuadia.- capítulo 1

Images

The public remembers him as a splendid screen presence, glamorous and vulnerable. He floats by on that giant sceen, the image of the intensity of youth, in its most beautiful guise. He was an overnight sensation. Men and women loved him for the promise offered by his unthreatening masculine grace and looks. Bobby-soxers screeched and pounded the floors when his magnificent, sensitive face loomed in darkened movie theaters. Fan clubs popped up all over the country. Hollywood moguls found themselves forced to accede to his demands, their rigid control over actors shattered. He was a total enigma: a polite, well-brought-up young man who achieved great power in Hollywood passively, without deviousness.

But for those people who saw Monty, the real Monty, close up -who lived with him and ached with him- the images are very different. Like a series of takes arriving at the editing laboratory, these memories of an older Monty flicker, out of sequence, with haunting power: Monty walking against the wintry Manhattan wind, his shoulder and hunched body leaning heavily against a black man, his male nurse. Collapsing over and over, ina state of drugged drunkenness, on the floor of a Fire Island summer house, as the homosexual boys and men, fatigued with picking him up, let him lie, and walk over him as if he were a piece of inanimate junk. Waking up in a semi-coma from drugs and liquor ina bedroom of his sepulchral townhouse on Sixty-first Street; being picked up bodily by his nurse an put under a cold shower, in order to face another dose of the life which drove him this state. His hands and body sometimes shake with tetany, because of a rare hormonal disease. His legs cannot hold him steadily -the drinking has brought on phlebitis. A thyroid condition has made him pop-eyed. Cataracts cause him to wear bottle-cap glasses. An automobile accident and too many pills have ruined his looks, made the scary, and a plastic surgeon with a criminal background begins to make them worse. He has been blackballed from themotion picture business. He sits in his bedroom, vacantly watching television, tears drenching his cheeks. He has destroyed his sexual life. He will not eat. He makes tearful, desperate calls, but his best friends have left him. He shoots Demerol into his arms to anesthetize himself to the pian of his existence. And he drinks... and he drinks.

At the age of forty-five, his heart stops.

The personal story, with its riveting horrors, seems locked in combat with his unique professional achievement. Montgomery Clift was, and still is, one of the more important influences on contemporary picture acting. Few of today's younger generation of moviegoers realize, when they sit back in awe at the intensity and truth of an Al Pacino or Robert De Niro or Dustin Hoffman or Jack Nicholson, that these actors' roots can be traced back, in large part, to the strivings of Monty Clift. Many people, when confronted with these so-called "rebel" actors, tend to think "Method" or "Actors Studio", or credit an actor by the name of Marlon Brando with having started it all, but that is a misconception.

The facts speak for themselves. Monty had no predecessor for his screen presence. He did not use the Method, and it was Brando and James Dean and the rest who followed and often built upon Monty's achievement.




To be continued...

19.8.10

Una foto para celebrar el post nº 1.000

Qué duda cabe que me hubiera gustado estar entre las


Monty's ladies


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(English text)

Monty's Ladies circa 1948: Full-length image of American actor Montgomery Clift (1920 - 1966) smiling as he stands with his arms around Barbizon models Kay Grogen, Elena Long, Vivian Kennedy, Lynn Moore, and Maria O'Leary in front of a small stage. The women are all wearing long skirts. Clift is wearing a suit and a diagonally striped tie. (Photo by Hulton Archive).

18.8.10

Retrato (32).- Portrait by G. Maillard Kesslere, 1945

Se subasta en Internet este cuadro. Se trata de un retrato del mismo Montgomery Clift, en una fecha tan temprana como 1945, cuando era una joven promesa del teatro, en concreto se encontraba actuando en Foxhole in the Parlor. Su autor es G. Maillard Kesslere, que fue pintor y fotógrafo especializado en actores de Broadway. Su estilo en pastel es bastante característico como podemos ver en otras obras del pintor. Las medidas son 38.73 cm y 51.43 cm.

No sabía de la existencia de este retrato y me pregunto si Monty posó realmente o simplemente, como creo, el autor se inspiró en una fotografía. ¿Llegó Monty a verlo, lo tuvo o enseguida pasó a otras manos?. Me pregunto si lo tuvo algún miembro de la familia y quién es la persona que lo vende. Por otra parte, en las fotos se ve las sombras de quien hace fotos al cuadro para presentarlo a la subasta.

Image and video hosting by TinyPic
Image and video hosting by TinyPic






Ésta es la información que acompaña a la subasta:

(English text)
This is an original pastel drawing of Montgomery Clift by G. Maillard Kesslere in 1945. For those unfamiliar with him, you can find out all about him at: http://broadway.cas.sc.edu/index.php?action=showPhotographer&id=38 Just copy & paste into your browser. It is one of a kind and was rendered while Clift was performing on Broadway in "Foxhole in the Parlor" by Elsa Shelley in mid 1945. We have owned it for over twenty years. As you can see from the unretouched photos and the signature, this pastel is a thoroughly genuine G. Maillard Kesslere, and in its original frame. Condition is exactly as depicted in the photos. Please excuse the reflection of the ceiling fan and the photographer. We guarantee its authenticity. Dimensions of the drawing are 15.25 by 20.25 inches. Frame measures 14.75 by 29.75 inches.

16.8.10

Entrevista a Amy Lawrence

Amy Lawrence es la autora de la última biografía que ha salido sobre Montgomery Clift (ver post). En la web Advocate le hacen una entrevista:

(English text)

The Most Beautiful Man in Film

Montgomery Clift has long been regarded a brilliant, influential actor and a closeted, tormented gay man. Now one of Hollywood’s most enigmatic stars gets a reappraisal.
MONTGOMERY CLIFT 4 X390 (GETTY) | ADVOCATE.COM

Well remembered for the staggering effect his film performances in classics such as A Place in the Sun and From Here to Eternity had on post-World War II movie audiences, Montgomery Clift is equally known today as one of Hollywood’s greatest casualties. A mysterious, sensitive antidote to the blandly handsome bobby-soxer idols of the day, Clift ushered in a new, naturalistic style of acting, years before Marlon Brando and James Dean, who both worshipped him.

The camera adored him as well. Clift was described by one biographer as “having a face of impenetrable beauty,” and Elizabeth Taylor, his close friend and frequent costar, claimed her heart stopped the first time she saw him. After a near-fatal auto accident in 1956 ravaged his perfect face, Clift, now addicted to alcohol, painkillers, and, by some accounts, tormented by his closeted homosexuality, began a downward spiral that would last until his death at 45 in 1966. Marilyn Monroe, Clift’s costar in 1961’s The Misfits who was tortured by her own demons, famously called him “the only person I know who’s in worse shape than I am.” But in The Passion of Montgomery Clift (University of California Press, $24.95) Dartmouth film professor Amy Lawrence performs an academic autopsy on the late actor’s legacy and challenges the myth of Clift as the tortured, self-destructive film star. Lawrence discusses with The Advocate the reasons we’re still under the spell of the charismatic actor.

The Advocate: There are so many biographies of Montgomery Clift and numerous websites devoted to him. What was the biggest surprise you learned about him while researching your book?
Amy Lawrence: I was most impressed by Clift’s canny understanding of his own image. Many biographers depict him as refusing to participate in the Hollywood star system, but that didn’t mean he was ignorant of it. He understood how an actor’s image was built and maintained. In giving interviews or choosing roles, he knew exactly how to shape a performance to achieve the effect he wanted — and to resist the efforts of others to simplify a character. For instance, he was aware that screenwriters and directors often wanted to make the hero perfect; Clift wanted to make the character human, complicated, and not always admirable.

Clift is often spoken of in context as a “gay actor” or in conjunction with Marlon Brando and James Dean. What do you see as Clift’s singular legacy?
Brando and Dean both thought of Clift as singular. Brando saw Clift as his only major competition, and Dean saw him as a model, an ideal to emulate. Unlike those performers, Clift’s best work has not become dated. In Red River, From Here to Eternity, A Place in the Sun, I Confess, and half a dozen others, his performances are impeccable. At his best he is never mannered or predictable. His performances are subtle, intelligent, graceful, and deeply empathetic regardless of the character’s flaws.

Watch the trailer for A Place in the Sun below:



MONTGOMERY CLIFT 5 X390 (FAIR USE) | ADVOCATE.COM

How did Clift’s being gay — or bisexual, as some suggest — when it was still taboo affect his drinking, drug taking, and ultimate downward spiral?
The homophobia of the time, which intensified nationally just as Clift’s career was beginning in the late 1940s and early ’50s, certainly exerted pressure on Clift. A serious relationship with choreographer Jerome Robbins in the ’40s threatened both their careers when Robbins was blackmailed into testifying before the House Un-American Activities Committee hearings regarding communists and other “subversives” in Washington and the entertainment community. I would be hesitant, though, to cast Clift as a “sad young man,” “self-loathing homosexual,” or fit him into any other category into which gay men were sorted from the 1950s to ’70s. Alcoholism affects everyone, and in the postwar period heavy drinking was routine across the board. By the time Clift’s drinking became full-blown alcoholism, it was impossible to disentangle from his devastating car accident, the prescription painkillers he needed at the time, and his professional fear regarding the damage done to his face. In the latter part of his career, his drinking and drug taking were so dominant in his life that he couldn’t function without them. Paradoxically, at the point when he worked with unsupportive or openly hostile homophobic producers and directors, the drugs and drinking sustained him as much as they destroyed him.

You write about the fan magazines of the 1950s that frequently used sexually suggestive headlines such as “Who Is Monty Kidding?” How well known was the truth about Clift’s sexuality during that era?
Clift worked in a period when fan magazines were challenged by scandal magazines, each promising “the truth” about stars’ private lives. Ironically, even the scandal rags did not want any “truth” firmly established because that would rob them of the chance to repeatedly tantalize readers with the next promised exposé. Biographical information suggests that people who worked with Clift always “knew” in exact proportion to what they wanted to know. Fans likewise. Everyone minimized the complexity of Clift’s emotional relationships — with men, older women, young women — in order to maintain the image of the actor that appealed to them most.


MONTGOMERY CLIFT 2 X390 (FAIR USE) | ADVOCATE.COM
Clift with Elizabeth Taylor in A Place in the Sun

A recent article in Newsweek suggests audiences can’t accept gay actors as romantic leading men when we know the truth about their real-life sexuality and uses Rock Hudson as an example. How do you think this applies to Clift, who had such intense chemistry on-screen with Elizabeth Taylor and other actresses?
When audiences think they know something about an actor’s personal sexuality it becomes available as a touchstone to spectators watching a performance but is never mandatory. People judging a performance often appreciate it most the more it varies from what we think we know about the performer — casting against type, nice people playing psychos, beautiful actresses playing ugly. If we think of Clift as an actor, then his persuasiveness as a romantic lead opposite Taylor, Olivia de Havilland, or Jennifer Jones increases our appreciation of his skill as he seems to become inseparable from the role.

Another issue is history itself. As new generations are introduced to Clift and Hudson, they often react to the performers without knowing any biographical information about them. They are also less invested in “the truth” than those who experienced a change in their perception through revelations and the exposure of secrets. The freer sexuality of Brando or Dean, for instance, has not come to dominate their images.

How do you think Clift’s career would have progressed if he hadn’t been in the auto accident in 1956?
Although the accident had a major effect on him psychologically and physically as well as having an effect on audiences and their reading of his performances in relation to the accident, I believe his alcoholism would have continued and that his career would have been much the same. His drinking affected his work on the set of From Here to Eternity, which was shot in 1953, well before the accident. In the three-year break he took after that film his face began to show the puffiness and aging effects of alcohol abuse. When he returned to film for Raintree County in 1957, people would have been surprised by how he had aged if they hadn’t had the accident to blame it on.


MONTGOMERY CLIFT 3 X390 (GETTY) | ADVOCATE.COM
Clift in 1961's Judgment at Nuremberg

How do you think Clift would have fared personally and professionally if he began his career today, with the intrusion of the Internet and paparazzi?
The intrusion of the media today is offset by the openness of some gay performers — though not romantic leading men just yet. As Tom Cruise’s career shows, it is possible to withstand rumors and media speculation if you have the power and the will to do so. Because Clift was never as closeted as Rock Hudson, I don’t believe he would fight terribly hard to maintain the illusion of offscreen heterosexuality. He might be more likely to take a Keanu Reeves approach, where the actor neither courts nor tries to dispel the fantasies of any fan. In several roles in the severely repressive 1950s he even courted audiences to read his characters — and maybe himself — as gay in the casually flirtatious scenes in Red River, the rejection of heterosexual relationships in I Confess, Suddenly, Last Summer, and Freud, the material on gay Army life that acts as a subtext throughout From Here to Eternity, and the relationship with Frank Sinatra’s character in the film.

Why does Clift continue to hold such a fascination for film buffs 44 years after his death?
Clift was a brilliant actor. His performances often seem completely natural and effortless. His complex performances of masculinity in films such as Red River, From Here to Eternity, The Misfits, A Place in the Sun, and The Heiress appeal to gay men and women as well as heterosexual men and women. Fans find in Clift everything from a romantic icon or sexual fantasy figure to a model of courage, commitment, and integrity. His characters are often simultaneously stoic and vulnerable, lithe, stubborn, and funny.

Watch Clift in a scene from From Here to Eternity below:



14.8.10

Muere el hijo de Libby Holman

En agosto de 1950 (hace justo 60 años), Montgomery Clift viajó a Londres para asistir al estreno de The Heiress (La Heredera, 1949) donde asistió también a una representación oficial en presencia de la reina (ver post). Luego marchó a Italia para seguir publicitando la película (ver post) donde intimó en Roma con el periodista Giuseppe Perrone.

Estaba previsto que marchara a París para hacer más publicidad pero Topper, el hijo de Libby Holman murió en un accidente. Sin consultar con la Paramount, Monty salió inmediatamente de Italia y voló a Nueva York para acompañarla.

Christopher Reynolds, conocido como Topper, era hijo natural de Libby Holman. Falleció escalando el monte Whitney el 7 de agosto de 1950. En 1952, Libby Holman funda The Christopher Reynolds Foundation, que como puede verse en el enlace permanece activa en la actualidad.

13.8.10

Red River.- artículo en la Wikipedia (Español / English)

Artículo en español:

Río Rojo

Red River
Título Río Rojo
Ficha técnica
Dirección Howard Hawks
Producción Howard Hawks
Guión Borden Chase
Charles Schnee
Música Dimitri Tiomkin
Fotografía Russell Harlan
Reparto John Wayne
Montgomery Clift
Joanne Dru
Walter Brennan
Coleen Gray
Harry Carey
John Ireland
Noah Beery Jr.
Datos y cifras
País(es) Estados Unidos
Año 1948
Género Western
Duración 133 minutos
Ficha en IMDb

Río Rojo es una película de 1948 protagonizada por John Wayne y Montgomery Clift. La producción, dirigida por Howard Hawks, es incluida por la American Film Institute entre las diez mejores del género Western.

Argumento

La trama gira alrededor del ranchero Thomas Dunson (Wayne), quien, a mediados del siglo XIX, trata de empezar su propia hacienda en Texas. Al inicio de su empresa conoce a un huérfano de nombre Matthew Matt Garth a quien adopta. Al cruzar el río Rojo, y no importándole la propiedad del territorio a manos de otro ganadero, se afinca en la zona. Tiempo después, al terminar la Guerra de Secesión, el rancho de Dunson se encuentra sumido en problemas económicos. Debido a esto, decide emprender la marcha a Misuri donde, según él, encontrará un buen precio por su ganado. Entre sus principales ayudantes se encuentran el entonces adulto Matt (Clift) y Groot Nadine (Walter Brennan). El transcurso de la travesía se desarrolla en io de muchos contratiempos. Agregado a esto, la conducta de Dunson se vuelve tiránica con sus empleados.

Por otro lado, aunque Dunson recibe recomendaciones de enviar su hato hacia Abilene, donde el ferrocarril ha arribado y la ruta es más segura, decide seguir su propósito inicial. En medio de una reyerta, Matt decide dirigirse a Abilene, a pesar de una amenaza de muerte del mismo Dunson ante su rebelión. Matt logra su propósito de vender el ganado en la ciudad, e incluso arregla un cheque a nombre de Dunson para darle parte de las ganancias. Sin embargo, el ranchero logra encontrar al joven Matt y entre ambos estalla una pelea.

Críticas

Referencias

  1. Red River (1948). .Nytimes.com.
  2. RED RIVER: The Essentials. TCM.com
  3. Red River. Variety.com.



English text:

Red River




Theatrical release poster
Directed by Howard Hawks
Arthur Rosson (co-director)[1]
Produced by Howard Hawks
Written by Borden Chase
Charles Schnee
Starring John Wayne
Montgomery Clift
Walter Brennan
Music by Dimitri Tiomkin
Cinematography Russell Harlan
Editing by Christian Nyby
Distributed by United Artists
Release date(s) September 30, 1948 (USA)
Running time 133 min.
Country United States
Language English
Spanish

Red River is a 1948 Western film directed by Howard Hawks, giving a fictional account of the first cattle drive from Texas to Kansas along the Chisholm Trail. The dramatic tension stems from a growing feud over the management of the drive, between the Texas rancher who initiated it (John Wayne) and his adopted adult son (Montgomery Clift).

The film also starred Joanne Dru, Walter Brennan, Coleen Gray, Harry Carey, John Ireland, Hank Worden, Noah Beery Jr. and Harry Carey, Jr. Borden Chase wrote the script with Charles Schnee, based on Chase's story, "The Chisholm Trail."

Contents


Plot

Thomas Dunson (John Wayne) is a stubborn man who wants nothing more than to start up a successful cattle ranch in Texas. Shortly after he begins his journey to Texas with his trail hand, Nadine Groot (Walter Brennan), Dunson learns that his love interest (Coleen Gray), whom he had told to stay behind with the wagon train with the understanding that he would send for her later, was killed in an Indian attack. Despite this tragedy, Dunson and Groot press on, only to chance on an orphaned boy named Matthew Garth (played as an adult by Montgomery Clift), whom Dunson effectively adopts. With only a couple head of cattle, Dunson and the boy enter Texas by crossing the Red River and Dunson proudly proclaims all the land about them as his own. Two Mexican men appear on horseback and inform Dunson that the land already belongs to their boss. Dunson dismisses this inconvenient fact, kills one of the men, and tells the other man to inform his boss that Dunson now owns the land. Dunson names his new spread the Red River D, after his chosen cattle brand for his herd. Fatefully, he promises to add M (for Matt) to the brand, once Matt has earned it.

Fourteen years pass and Dunson now has a fully operational cattle ranch. With the help of Matt and Groot, his herd now numbers over ten thousand cattle, but he is also broke as a result of having been on the losing side in the American Civil War. With the price of cattle in Texas not to his liking, Dunson decides to drive his massive herd hundreds of miles north to Missouri, where he believes they will fetch a much better price. After hiring some extra men to help out with the drive, including expert marksman Cherry Valance (John Ireland), they set off on their perilous journey northwards. Along the way, they encounter many troubles, including a stampede sparked by one of the men making a sudden noise while trying to steal sugar from the chuck wagon.

Deeper problems arise when Dunson's tyrannical leadership style begins to affect the rest of the men. When Dunson attempts to lynch two of the men who tried to desert the drive, Matt rebels. With the help of Valance and the other men, Matt takes control of the drive in order to take it to the closer railhead in Abilene, Kansas, leaving Dunson behind. This infuriates Dunson, who vows to track down Matt and kill him.

On the way to Abilene, Matt and his men repulse an Indian attack on a wagon train. One of the people they save is Tess Millay (Joanne Dru), who falls in love with Matt. Matt leaves in a hurry one night during a rain storm and has to leave Tess behind. Later Tess encounters Dunson, who is still on Matt's trail, and tries to dissuade him from his pursuit. She offers to bear him a son if he'll let Matt live, but he refuses.

When Matt reaches Abilene, he finds men there who have been eagerly awaiting the arrival of such a herd to buy it; Matt happily accepts an excellent offer for the cattle. Unknowingly, he has just completed the first cattle drive along what would become the Chisholm Trail. Shortly thereafter, Dunson arrives in Abilene with a posse to follow through with his vow to kill Matt. The two men begin a furious fight, which Tess interrupts by drawing a gun on both men and demanding that they realize the love that they share for each other. Dunson and Matt see the error of their ways and make peace with each other. The film ends with Dunson telling Matt that he will incorporate an M into the brand as he had promised to do years before and advises Matt to marry Tess.

Production

Red River was filmed in 1946 but not released until September 30, 1948. Footage from Red River was later incorporated into the opening montage of Wayne's last film, The Shootist, to illustrate the backstory of Wayne's character. The film was nominated for Academy Awards for Best Film Editing (Christian Nyby) and Best Writing, Motion Picture Story. In 1990, Red River was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant." John Ford who worked with Wayne on many films (such as The Searchers, Stagecoach, and The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance) was so impressed with Wayne's performance that he is reported to have said, 'I didn’t know the big son of a bitch could act!'[2] In June 2008, AFI revealed its "Ten top Ten"—the best ten films in ten "classic" American film genres—after polling over 1,500 people from the creative community. Red River was acknowledged as the fifth best film in the western genre.[3][4]

The character name Cherry Valance was also later used in the novel The Outsiders.

The character name Matthew Garth was also later used in the movie Midway.

Cast

See also

References

  1. According to TCM, "Arthur Rosson was given co-director credit because of his extensive and acclaimed work guiding the second unit...", http://www.tcm.com/thismonth/article/?cid=158108&rss=mrqe.
  2. ^ http://www.tcm.com/thismonth/article/?cid=12472, retrieved 2008-09-21.
  3. ^ American Film Institute (2008-06-17). "AFI Crowns Top 10 Films in 10 Classic Genres". ComingSoon.net. http://www.comingsoon.net/news/movienews.php?id=46072. Retrieved 2008-06-18.
  4. ^ "Top Western". American Film Institute. http://www.afi.com/10top10/western.html. Retrieved 2008-06-18.

Further reading

  • Pippin, Robert B. Hollywood Westerns and American Myth: The Importance of Howard Hawks and John Ford for Political Philosophy (Yale University Press, 2010) 208 pp.

External links

12.8.10

Young Monty

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Headshot Promotional Portrait Photo 1948

11.8.10

Red River.- carteles



El primer cartel corresponde a los programas de mano que se daban antes en los cines.

10.8.10

Montgomery Clift: The New Manhood in Classic Cinema

Fantástico artículo de este blog escrito precisamente el día de su aniversario.

(English text)

Montgomery Clift: The New Manhood in Classic Cinema

James Dean and Marlon Brando delivered iconic performances of youth in revolt, immortalised in almost identical uniforms of rebellion: the jeans, t-shirt, jacket with popped collar and quiffed hair, their stylised brand of macho angst served as a hallmark for rebellion across generational divides. The pair will adorn teenager’s bedroom walls in those slouchy poses on posters until the end of days. For all the praise they receive and as often as their image is replicated by the young as a badge of defiance, neither actor exhibited the range or potent audacity to the same degree as Montgomery Clift. Dean and Brando looked cool in their clothes, but in the 1950s, they were still wed to a narrow understanding of what it meant to be a man. Dean and Brando relied heavily on anger and its impotent flipside as a catalyst for character development. They masticated the very air on set, to wail and shout down the narrative, while each resembled a bully as much as the downtrodden. Both Dean and Brando wanted to eclipse every other actor in a scene. Dean and Brando approximate control freaks with little interest in empathy if you spend any time paging through their individual biographies. At some level, it’s galling to note how totalising their legends have become for the era, while Montgomery Clift gets pushed to the margins of celluloid history. My sense is that Clift was resigned a less lauded status because what he brought to the screen was far more subversive and mutinous in the context of patriarchy than his tough-guy contemporaries.

Today, July 23, marks the anniversary of his death in 1966 at the age of 45. The account of Clift’s life and premature death has now become enshrined as gospel in Hollywood, as one of a self-loathing and self-destructive closet case. The tabloid version of his life as ‘the longest suicide in history’ remains an industry standard. Clift’s biography has been manipulated to a seedy abbreviation in order to smear his legacy because he was gay and unconcerned with replicating mainstream masculinity in his craft. Clift’s radical life and work left him vulnerable to the charge of ‘drama queen’ and effeminacy. Any man considered ‘sensitive’ left himself wide-open to the taunts of weakness and instability. More than likely, Clift’s first role next to John Wayne probably taught him how to avoid the boilerplate guise of masculinity onscreen. After successive generations of hardmen, gangsters, wooden stoics and staunch testosterone chronicles of manhood at the cinema, audiences were graced by Clift’s neoteric interpretation of masculinity. His performances still carry the ability to shock audiences with a singular originality; his performances are a cut above the cheap stereotypes which many actors safely trade upon.

In his biography of Elizabeth Taylor, “How to be a Movie Star,” published last year, William J. Mann is the first writer who refuses the popular account of Clift as a tragic closet case and maudlin depressive. On the contrary, he paints Clift as a man who embraced his sexual identity with more bravery than his peers such as James Dean or Rock Hudson. He was as ‘out’ as a man in the industry could be at the time, since Clift refused the sham-visage of heterosexuality that so many others embraced. Amy Lawrence published a new biography of Clift two months ago in the U.S., a book which seems paced to correct the dominant perception of the actor’s fated path to doom. “The Passion of Montgomery Clift” is a long overdue addition to our understanding of the actor’s life and I can’t wait to get my hands on a copy.

Montgomery Clift gave performances with the methodical power to shatter normative assumptions about masculinity. The bulk of Clift’s screen credits disclose an alternative, better way to manhood and therefore earn him the accolade of bona fide gender renegade. Rather than attribute a posthumous ‘feminist’ identity, it seems more to the point to acknowledge Montgomery Clift as a feminist ally, due to his application in revising hoary and staid depictions of gender which have dominated popular culture since its inception. Clift showed audiences a method to abjure the perceived essential attributes of manliness, in what amounts to a heroic repudiation of patriarchy’s authenticity and legitimacy. Few actors could claim the same.

Of his eighteen listed credits, I have relished seven, including: “The Heiress” (1949), “A Place in the Sun” (1951), “From Here to Eternity” (1953), “Raintree Country” (1957), “Suddenly, Last Summer” (1959), “The Misfits” (1961) and “Judgment at Nuremburg” (1961). Among all of these captivating performances, there is one that not only reaches perfection from the standpoint of craft, but one that also illustrates how Clift led audiences to where we can ponder an alternative for what it means to be a man onscreen or in everyday life. Clift’s role as Robert E. Lee Prewitt in “From Here to Eternity” should be the template for men in any acting class. Each scene in FHTE builds towards a character audiences identify as ethical, cooperative, communicative, purposeful, idealistic, contemplative, as well as one who resists cultural imperatives to dominate or belittle women. He’s the poster guy for egalitarian relationships.

Take for example the pivotal contrasting scenes between Clift’s Prewitt and the other male lead, Burt Lancaster as Sgt. Milton Warden, when each man faces their romantic partner’s promiscuity. Prewitt meets ‘Lorene,’ played by Donna Reed, at the Ambassador Club where she works as an escort. Instead of grilling her about her sexual past or present, he falls for her unconditionally. Even when Prew exhibits jealousy as she works entertaining servicemen, he walks away without making a caveman claim to her. Lorene confesses her real name is Alma in one of their conversations. He later joins the household Alma shares with a woman who runs a reading group and first appears holding a high stack of volumes in her arms. Prew relaxes into a chair and quips that it’s just like being married, to which Alma replies that it’s better than that. They’re a revolutionary model of a couple resisting the constraints of forced-propriety. There’s a thrill to be found in seeing a man at home in the company of women and so many books. It says the character likes smart women, not doormats. In the parallel romance between Lancaster’s allegorical Warden and Deborah Kerr’s Karen Holmes, the dynamics are wholly limited by traditional gender roles. Right after the classic scene where the passion crashes over them with the surf on sand, Warden launches a demand for the facts about her rumoured sexual history with Army men. Unsatisfied with her reserve on details, he forces her down to her knees. Lancaster screws his lantern jaw on top of his imposing inverted-triangle physique down upon the tiny blonde until she submits. This scene plays out like a full-body version of Cagney squashing the grapefruit in Mae Clarke’s face in “The Public Enemy.” All too often, the good looking guy is nothing more than a thug to women. Next to Lancaster’s Warden, Montgomery Clift seems like a man from another planet, one who regards women as human beings with the right to bodily sovereignty as well as a past.

Prew keeps his own counsel to stay out of the ring despite the commanding officer directing men on the boxing team to administer ‘The Treatment’ as punishment. ‘The Treatment’ is part and parcel of homosocial behaviour for men in patriarchy, whereby the severe methods appear to test for masculine accordance through a host of practices, which amount to nothing less than physical and psychological torture. Viewers witness an amplified version of this pattern of macho games with Frank Sinatra’s Maggio as he is bullied and harried as a ‘wop’ from the head of the military prison and then virtually beaten to death once sentenced to a six-month stint there for going AWOL. Again, compared to the other men onscreen, Clift’s Prew may as well be another species altogether. He avoids cruelty and violence for pleasure.

Notice how comfortably Clift inhabits his body during the scene where he tells Alma why he chose to give up fighting. His delivery and the way he transmits the shame and regret over what happened as he throws thwarted punches is inspired and affective. There are no crocodile tears or rending of hair or clothes as I imagine Brando would have played it. Nonetheless, with his measured gravity, Clift signals how Prew was shattered by his capacity for violence and inflicting harm. His character exhibits a fully functioning moral compass.

More than just a man onscreen, Montgomery Clift was a human being.

9.8.10

8.8.10

Giuseppe Perrone, periodista amigo de Monty

Giuseppe Perrone fue un periodista italiano especializado en la prensa cinematográfica que conoció a Monty en Roma en agosto de 1950 (hace justo 60 años) e hizo amistad con él.

En agosto de 1950, después del estreno en Londres de The Heiress (La heredera, 1949) , donde había asistido a una representación oficial ante la reina (ver post), Montgomery Clift voló a Italia para seguir publicitando la película. En el salón de baile de un viejo palacio romano junto al foro dio una conferencia de prensa donde le presentaron al joven y robusto periodista, que contaba con 27 años (Monty estaba a punto de cumplir los 30 años) y escribía una columna de chismes llamada Hollywood Romano en Il Progresso.

Éstos son sus recuerdos sobre la conferencia de prensa:

"Los periodistas de toda Europa hablaban muy deprisa, formulando preguntas en francés, italiano y alemán sobre Red River y el aspecto de Elizabeth Taylor. Monty tenía un traductor pero a veces las preguntas le llegaban falseadas. Se mostró condescendiente con ello pero finalmente, al cabo de una hora, prescindió del traductor y es entonces cuando tuvimos una conversación."

No es extraño que Monty prescindiera del traductor pues en su infancia en Europa había aprendido francés, alemán y entendía el italiano. Ese bagaje cultural era algo completamente novedoso en un actor, seguro que aquello sorprendería mucho a los periodistas.

Giuseppe Perrone recuerda su conversación con Monty:

"Monty y yo congeniamos enseguida. Hablamos de películas, principalmente europeas, como El limpiabotas y Roma, ciudad abierta, que le habían impresionado muchísimo, y luego me invitó a cenar con él en su hotel.

Se alojaba en el Hasslet (*). Después de cenar, subimos a su suite a tomar coñac y Monty, impulsivamente, me mostró algunas cartas de Elizabeth Taylor, con quien todavía seguía manteniendo correspondencia.

Me dejó leer algunas y una que le estaba escribiendo él. Todas parecían infantiles e inocentes. Monty llamaba a la Taylor 'su mujer ideal'. Hablaba de ella como 'su gemela'."

- Somos muy semejantes. ¡Es fantástico! - le dijo Monty.
"Ambos habían sido actores en la infancia, nunca habían sido niños realmente, dijo, ninguna fantasía, nada de juegos ni diversiones...

Parecía trastornado por el enlace de la Taylor con Nicky Hilton (**), pero no creía que aquello durase."

A continuación, Perrone cuenta una anécdota que debió ocurrirle a Monty por aquellos años en más de una ocasión:

"De pronto se oyó un golpe en la puerta y le entregaron un ramo de rosas. Se rió con una risa forzada, estrangulada. Inmediatamente apareció una rubia en la puerta vestida sólo con una túnica y se le ofreció. Monty quedó muy embarazado, la echó enérgicamente de la habitación, cerró dando un portazo y luego corrió a su dormitorio. Le oí cómo gritaba desde allí muy enojado por teléfono algo acerca de

"mi vida privada es mía y si quiero fornicar con una cabra tengo que estar dispuesto a ello; esto es una táctica nazi-fascista, ¿quién diablos han creído que son?."
Entonces volvió al salón tratando de mostrarse tranquilo y cortés. Pero después de tomar otra copa comenzó a confesarme su angustia acerca de que todo aquello fuese un truco publicitario. La Paramount lo hacía así para que él pareciese un símbolo masculino como actor. Estaba lívido de ira. Le aseguré que nunca escribiría nada sobre lo allí ocurrido y se volcó dándome las gracias. Entonces nos emborrachamos."

Monty y Perrone cenaron juntos nuevamente durante su estancia en Roma. Según Perrone:

"Acudíamos a algunos pequeños restaurantes de la vía Condotti o al apartamento de mis padres. Les gustaba Monty: él se mostraba muy amable e interesado con ellos como personas."

Perrone recuerda ver a Monty juguetear continuamente con unso dados rojos. Es el primer testimonio que leo al respecto.

"Doquiera que iba, jugaba con sus pequeños dados rojos, los agitaba en el puño, los estrechaba en la mano. Antes de tomar una decisión, los lanzaba sobre la mesa."

La última vez que Monty vio a Perrone le dio uno de sus dados.

- Te traerán suerte - le dijo Monty.
Perrone dice que no lo creía así.

- Pero no creo que los dados restantes le hubieran reportado buena suerte a Monty. Cuando le conocí parecía muy desdichado.

En la fecha en que se escribió la biografía de Patricia Bosworth, era un productor y abogado de éxito.

Como ya digo, no sabía eso de los dados que llevaba encima Monty y también me llama la atención esa impresión de infelicidad que le causó, en eso sí coinciden otras personas que conocieron a Monty. Por otra parte, cuando releí este pasaje para contarlo por el blog, pensé que Perrone mantuvo alguna relación con Monty. Patricia Bosworth no dice nada de eso, ya se sabe que su biografía es muy rigurosa y no cae en sensacionalismos de ese tipo. Puede que lo fueran o simplemente congeniaron como amigos.

Giuseppe Perrone murió en 2006. Ver web.

(*) Así aparece en la biografía de Patricia Bosworth pero es un error, o bien del propio libro original o una errata de la edición española que tengo. El hotel se llama Hassler.

(**) Liz Taylor se casó con Nicky Hilton el 6 d emayo de 1950.
Su carrera comprende 17 títulos entre 1948 y 1966. Trabajó con los grandes directores (Hawks, Hitchcock, Stevens, Zinnemann, Kazan, Huston, Wyler) y las grandes estrellas (Lancaster, Marilyn Monroe, Katherine Hepburn, Brando, Wayne, Elizabeth Taylor especialmente) de entonces.
Su carrera comprende 17 títulos entre 1948 y 1966. Trabajó con los grandes directores (Hawks, Hitchcock, Stevens, Zinnemann, Kazan, Huston, Wyler) y las grandes estrellas (Lancaster, Marilyn Monroe, Katherine Hepburn, Brando, Wayne, Elizabeth Taylor especialmente) de entonces.
Su carrera comprende 17 títulos entre 1948 y 1966. Trabajó con los grandes directores (Hawks, Hitchcock, Stevens, Zinnemann, Kazan, Huston, Wyler) y las grandes estrellas (Lancaster, Marilyn Monroe, Katherine Hepburn, Brando, Wayne, Elizabeth Taylor especialmente) de entonces.
The Right Profile
Lyric
Say, where did I see this guy?
In red river?
Or a place in the sun?
Maybe the misfits?
Or from here to eternity?

Everybody say, is he all right?
And everybody say, whats he like?
Everybody say, he sure looks funny.
Thats...Montgomery Clift, honey!

New York, New York, New York, 42nd street
Hustlers rustle and pimps pimp the beat
Monty Clift is recognized at dawn
He aint got no shoes and his clothes are torn

I see a car smashed at night
Cut the applause and dim the light
Monty's face is broken on a wheel
Is he alive? can he still feel?

Everybody say, is he all right?
And everybody say, whats he like?
Everybody say, he sure looks funny.
Thats...Montgomery Clift, honey!

Nembutol numbs it all
But I prefer alcohol

He said go out and get me my old movie stills
Go out and get me another roll of pills
There I go again shaking, but I aint got the chills